Colony Health - Diseases, Viruses, CCD


Sick Bees – Part 18E: Colony Collapse Revisited – Genetically Modified Plants

First published in: ABJ December 2012

Genetically Modified Plants What Is Genetic Modification? There’s Nothing New About Transgenics GMOs An Odd Series of Connections The Vilifying of Monsanto What Are They Up To? Practicality Overrides Principle Hold the Hate Mail The Changing Face of Agriculture Bt Crops Roundup Ready Direct Effects of Roundup Use Indirect Effects of Roundup Use The Future […]

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Nosema Ceranae and Honey Production in Healthy Colonies

Randy Oliver and Brion DunbarScientificBeekeeping.com There is considerable scientific and practical debate about the degree of impact that Nosema ceranae infection has upon the honey bee colony.  It is reasonable to assume that there would be noticeable impairment, since infection by its cousin, Nosema apis, is well documented to adversely affect bee metabolism, protein levels, […]

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Sick Bees – Part 18F6: Colony Collapse Revisited – The Slaughter of the Innocents

First published in: American Bee Journal, September 2013

The Slaughter of the Innocents Why the Current Hoopla on Pesticides? Ecosystems and Agriculture Our Creation of “Pests” The Slaughter of the Innocents Pesticide (Mis)use Today The Nitty-Gritty The Killing Fields Chronic Exposure Hitting the Colony Where it Really Hurts Progress in Reducing Pesticide Use A Brighter Future References Randy OliverScientificBeekeeping.com The Slaughter of the […]

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Sick Bees Part 18F8: Colony Collapse Revisited – Beekeeping Economics

First published in: American Bee Journal, December 2013

Beekeeping Economics The Truth Is The First CasualtyBack To RealityBee-pocalypseBeekeeping EconomicsChasing The BloomBiologically Productive LandThe DakotasCotton And Citrus In The SouthPutting Plant Protection Above PollinatorsNextUpdateAcknowledgementsReferences Beekeeping Economics Mark Twain, a keen observer of human nature, noted long ago that “there is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conjecture out of such […]

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What’s Happening To The Bees? – Part 1

First published in: American Bee Journal, February 2014

Randy Oliver ScientificBeekeeping.com I’m realizing that what I thought was going to be a quick review of CCD has turned into a very long series of detailed articles, and I’m not even near reaching the conclusion. So on this 20th anniversary of my first seeing the parasite that changed beekeeping worldwide, I thought that I’d […]

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What’s Happening To The Bees? – Part 2

First published in: American Bee Journal, March 2014

CONTENTS We Are Two Adaptive Species Honey Bees Are Designed For Rapid Adaptation The Human-Facilitated Realized Niche Of The Bee The Natural Limiting Factors Of The Honey Bee Population Limiting Factor: The Weather Limiting Factor: Predation Limiting Factor: Competition For Nest Cavities Limiting Factor: Carrying Capacity Of The Habitat Limiting Factor: Reproductive Success Rate Limiting […]

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Sick Bees – Part 18F7: Colony Collapse Revisited – Pesticide Exposure

First published in: American Bee Journal, October and November 2013

Pesticide Exposure Oh No, Not Pesticides Again! Reality Checks The Two Worlds of Beekeeping Pesticides and Bee-pocalypse A Comparison To Some “Control Groups” The Four Horsemen And The Tip Point Could Pesticides Cause Colony Mortality And CCD? Short Memories The Heart Of The Hive – The Nursery Industry’s Arguments But Don’t We Already Know That […]

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What’s Happening To The Bees? – Part 3

First published in: American Bee Journal, April 2014

CONTENTS Setting The Stage: The Origins Of The Players Early Changes in The Honey Bee Niche Due To Humans The Human Deforestation Of Europe Adaptation And Change In Business The Creation Of A Niche For Bee-keeping The Domestication Of The Honey Bee The Price Of Domestication Acknowledgements Citations and Footnotes Randy Oliver ScientificBeekeeping.com In the […]

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What’s Happening To The Bees? – Part 4: The Genetic Consequences of Domestication

First published in: American Bee Journal, May 2014

CONTENTS The Domestication Of The Bee So How Does This Apply To Bees? The Cost Of Domestication Genotype vs. Phenotype The Gene Ocean Size And Survivability Of The Breeding Population The Consequences Of Bottlenecks So How Much Genetic Diversity Have We Lost? Final Notes Acknowledgements Footnotes And Citations Randy Oliver ScientificBeekeeping.com I’m beginning this article […]

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What’s Happening To The Bees? – Part 5: Is There A Difference Between Domesticated And Feral Bees?

First published in: American Bee Journal, June 2014

CONTENTS But Aren’t All Feral Bees Nothing More Than Escaped Swarms? Other Domesticated Animal Models Reversion To Wild The Mechanics Of Domestication The Establishment Of A Feral Population Quid Pro Quo Gene Flow Between Managed And Wild Stocks Back To Honey Bees Acknowledgements References Randy Oliver ScientificBeekeeping.com I mentioned previously how impressed I am by […]

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What’s Happening To The Bees? – Part 6: Mitotypes, Genotypes, And Tradeoffs In Fitness

First published in: American Bee Journal, September 2014

CONTENTS What Is “Fitness”? And What’s This Got To Do With Bees? Mitotype vs. Genotype Nature Doesn’t Care About Pedigree The Grass Is Always Greener Locally-Adapted Stock Wrap-Up Next Acknowledgements Footnotes And Citations Randy Oliver ScientificBeekeeping.com In my last article, I showed how greatly the genetics of wild-living honey bee populations differed from those of […]

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